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May 21, 2013
NJPA Notes will not be published next week.
Links to Sections in NJPA Notes:
Government Affairs Committee
For the complete list of webinars, go to www.njpa.org/njpa/events
Jerseyfest Comes to The Meadowlands June 1
Jerseyfest, a celebration of the Garden State’s best music, food, entertainment and more, will be held at the Meadowlands Racetrack in East Rutherford on Saturday, June 1, 2013. Admission and parking are free of charge.
A partnership of the Meadowlands Racetrack and North Jersey Media Group, the festival will showcase businesses with a New Jersey connection – from large corporations to local farmers and artisans that make the Garden State so unique. …
Attendees who pre-register will get a receipt for a $2 betting voucher and be entered to win various prizes including sitting in the announcer’s booth, a ride in the horse race start-up car, participation in a winner’s circle presentation and a special VIP Hambletonian Day package for four people. Winners will be contacted prior to Jerseyfest and also announced at the event.
For more information: http://www.northjerseyevents.com/jerseydetails.html
Evergreen Printing Judged “Best of Category”
for Newspaper Printing
Evergreen Printing Company is proud to announce that The Graphic Arts Association awarded five of the entries in the 2013 Neographics Power of Print competition to Evergreen customers. Women’s Wear Daily was awarded “Best of Category for Daily Newspaper” and the Jewish Exponent was awarded “Best of Category for Weekly Newspaper”. Additionally, Evergreen won three “Franklin Awards of Excellence” for Financial Times, Politico and AAA SJ First.
Evergreen is an NJPA Associate Member.
NJPA co-sponsors APME
Associated Press Managing Editors will hold its acclaimed APME NewsTrain on June 6and 7, at AP’s New York City headquarters. This year, the workshop has been scheduled in June in an effort to avoid summer vacations.
NewsTrain Project Director Michael Roberts offers an outline of this year’s program:
Emotional Health: How to recognize and cope with the personal emotional stress associated with covering major tragedies. How to recognize and help deal with emotional stress among the staff you supervise, co-workers, other people around you.
Social Media: How to use social media as a reporting tool during major tragedies, and how to curate social media to augment coverage.
Personal Experience: A session featuring the first-person account from someone who has covered a major tragedy well. What they did, how they coped, what they learned.
Disaster Plans: Does your newsroom have a plan for when a major tragedy breaks? An overview on the basis elements of a newsroom disaster plan and how to prepare and develop one for your newsroom.
Field Gear: An overview of the gear – simple to high-tech – that can be used when the big story breaks and staff is in the field for extended periods of time under difficult circumstances.
Story Forms: As coverage of a major tragedy unfolds, daily breaking news stories (e.g. inverted pyramid forms) should be supplemented by other forms, short to mid-range enterprise that provides depth and context to coverage. What forms are available and how they work.
Digital Coverage: When a major tragedy breaks, readers first turn to the Web and mobile news feeds. How to launch, build, and sustain (curate) continuous coverage of a major tragedy on the digital platforms.
Registration is $75 per person for the two days. Lunch and continental breakfast are included.
For more information: http://www.apme.com/?page=NewYorkCity
For newspapers, the way forward requires two separate paths for transformation – one in the legacy print business and one in the emerging digital business. The two have critical intersections but also many independent capabilities. Transformation Tour brings together the best of American Press Institute and The Poynter Institute, which identified seven topics critical to the success of the industry.
The upcoming Transformation Tour
For more information and other upcoming
Exciting Panels Scheduled at the ASNE
There will be some terrific discussions and speakers at the ASNE Convention June 24-26 at the Capital Hilton in Washington, D.C. Here are just a couple of panel discussions you won’t want to miss:
Leading Innovation: The Short Takes and the
Engagement and Experience: What Every Boss
For more information and to register: http://asne.org/asne13
Obama DOJ Formally Accuses Journalist in
Leak Case of Committing Crimes
It is now well known that the Obama justice department has prosecuted more government leakers under the 1917 Espionage Act than all prior administrations combined – in fact, double the number of all such prior prosecutions. But as last week’s controversy over the DOJ’s pursuit of the phone records of AP reporters illustrated, this obsessive fixation in defense of secrecy also targets, and severely damages, journalists specifically and the newsgathering process in general.
New revelations emerged yesterday in the Washington Post that are perhaps the most extreme yet when it comes to the DOJ’s attacks on press freedoms. It involves the prosecution of State Department adviser Stephen Kim, a naturalized citizen from South Korea who was indicted in 2009 for allegedly telling Fox News’ chief Washington correspondent, James Rosen, that US intelligence believed North Korea would respond to additional UN sanctions with more nuclear tests – something Rosen then reported. Kim did not obtain unauthorized access to classified information, nor steal documents, nor sell secrets, nor pass them to an enemy of the US. Instead, the DOJ alleges that he merely communicated this innocuous information to a journalist – something done every day in Washington – and, for that, this arms expert and long-time government employee faces more than a decade in prison for “espionage”.
The focus of the Post’s report yesterday is that the DOJ’s surveillance of Rosen, the reporter, extended far beyond even what they did to AP reporters. The FBI tracked Rosen’s movements in and out of the State Department, traced the timing of his calls, and – most amazingly – obtained a search warrant to read two days’ worth of his emails, as well as all of his emails with Kim. In this case, said the Post, “investigators did more than obtain telephone records of a working journalist suspected of receiving the secret material.” It added that “court documents in the Kim case reveal how deeply investigators explored the private communications of a working journalist”.
But what makes this revelation particularly disturbing is that the DOJ, in order to get this search warrant, insisted that not only Kim, but also Rosen … committed serious crimes. The DOJ specifically argued that by encouraging his source to disclose classified information – something investigative journalists do every day – Rosen himself broke the law. …
Under US law, it is not illegal to publish classified information. That fact, along with the First Amendment’s guarantee of press freedoms, is what has prevented the US government from ever prosecuting journalists for reporting on what the US government does in secret.
For the rest of the article: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/may/20/obama-doj-james-rosen-criminality
Phone Records of Journalists Seized by U.S.
Federal investigators secretly seized two months of phone records for reporters and editors of The Associated Press in what the news organization said Monday was a “serious interference with A.P.’s constitutional rights to gather and report the news.”
The A.P. said that the Justice Department informed it on Friday that law enforcement officials had obtained the records for more than 20 telephone lines of its offices and journalists, including their home phones and cellphones. It said the records were seized without notice sometime this year.
The organization was not told the reason for the seizure. But the timing and the specific journalistic targets strongly suggested they are related to a continuing government investigation into the leaking of information a year ago about the Central Intelligence Agency’s disruption of a Yemen-based terrorist plot to bomb an airliner.
The disclosures began with an Associated Press article on May 7, 2012, breaking the news of the foiled plot; the organization had held off publishing it for several days at the White House’s request because the intelligence operations were still unfolding.
For the rest of the article: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/14/us/phone-records-of-journalists-of-the-associated-press-seized-by-us.html
For related articles:
Gov’t obtains wide AP phone
records in probe
Inside the AP: Fear, determination
Feds Explain Why They Grabbed AP Records
Without Negotiating First
Damage to Press Freedom Likely Outweighs
National Security Gain
What Journalists Need to Know About the
Justice Department’s Seizure of AP Phone Records
Reviews are in: Not many people are fans of the Department of Justice’s seizure of two months’ worth of phone records from AP reporters. DOJ still isn’t saying why it seized the records. Here are some important aspects of this story:
• Authorities don’t need a warrant to request records of phone numbers called; they need only a subpoena. (Here’s a handy guide from ProPublica on what data the government can seize and how.) Watergate-era reforms require authorities to seek “alternative sources before considering issuing a subpoena to a member of the news media” unless “such negotiations would not pose a substantial threat to the integrity of the investigation in connection with which the records are sought.”
How Journalists Can Protect Themselves from
the U.S. Government
It is beginning to dawn on America’s journalists—a group predisposed, in aggregate, to admire and vote for Barack Obama—that the president and his administration are becoming a clear and present danger to the craft they practice. The Obama Justice Department’s collection of vast phone records from the Associated Press, hot news in the past two days, has news people in a tizzy if not a fury. …
Once they get over being shocked, shocked at the administration’s increasingly obvious antipathy toward what they do, American journalists will have to face up to the changed conditions in which they operate.
They will have to take many more precautions as they do their work—especially when it comes to the absolutely essential work of finding government whistleblowers. …
The need to beef up journalistic security has been clear for some time. …
Now it’s time now for U.S. media companies and individual bloggers alike to recognize that they live in an environment in which their own government—not to mention criminal or corporate hackers—may well be using all of the tools at its considerable disposal, legal or not, to spy on them. They will increasingly need to practice their craft here at home as if they were independent journalists or dissidents living under an authoritarian regime.
Unless they and their sources are taking extraordinary precautions, journalists should take for granted that most mobile carriers will hand over pretty much anything the government wants, pretty much anytime it asks. This is true of most Internet service providers as well, in part because many the same companies that provide voice-based telecom services.
Security experts have been urging journalists—and all of us who value privacy and safety—to think much harder about how we harden our communications against intrusion in general. We can’t plan for every contingency, and we have to understand that if a powerful nation-state like this one is willing to break laws and/or work in secret it can get to things others cannot. But we can adapt to various threats.
I asked the ACLU’s Christopher Soghoian for some advice a year ago … and he offered a several essential suggestions.…
For example, he advises against using phones for any conversations with endangered sources unless both sides are using untraceable prepaid devices. He urges folks to use virtual private networks, which encrypt information, but notes that governments (and others) can in many cases still know who’s talking to whom. In general, he told me, talk in person if at all possible.
Some journalists have taken worthwhile steps. In a noteworthy current example, The New Yorker just launched a “Strongbox” service, which will give sources an anonymous way—if they use it right—to send information to the magazine’s journalists. The service leverages the Web-based Tor network, which anonymizes traffic. Every news organization that wants to do its job properly should put systems like this in place.
Meanwhile, journalists can find a variety of useful security information from organizations like the Committee to Protect Journalists, which has focused mostly on threats abroad. CPJ’s “Journalist Security Guide” is a great place to start.
Criticized on Seizure of Records, White
House Pushes News Media Shield Law
Under fire over the Justice Department’s use of a broad subpoena to obtain calling records of Associated Press reporters in connection with a leak investigation, the Obama administration sought on Wednesday to revive legislation that would provide greater protections to reporters in keeping their sources and communications confidential.
President Obama’s Senate liaison, Ed Pagano, on Wednesday morning called the office of Senator Charles E. Schumer, Democrat of New York, and asked him to reintroduce a version of a bill that he had pushed in 2009 called the Free Flow of Information Act, a White House official said.
The bill would create a federal media shield law, akin to ones most states already have, giving journalists some protections from penalties for refusing to identify confidential sources in federal law enforcement proceedings, and generally enabling journalists to ask a federal judge to quash subpoenas for their phone records. …
It is not clear whether such a law would have changed the outcome of the subpoena involving The A.P.
The 2009 legislation would have created a presumption that when the government was seeking calling records from a telephone carrier, the news organization would be notified ahead of time, allowing it to fight the subpoena in court. But the bill would also have allowed the government to seek a 45-to-90-day delay in notification if a court determined that such notice would threaten the integrity of the investigation.
Under the bill, the scope of protection for reporters would vary according to whether it was a civil case, an ordinary criminal case or a national security case.
The greatest protection would be given to civil cases, in which litigants seeking to force reporters to testify or trying to obtain their calling information would be required to show why their need for the information outweighed the public’s interest in unfettered news gathering.
Ordinary criminal cases would work in a similar fashion, except the burden would be on the reporter seeking to quash the subpoena to show by a “clear and convincing” standard that the public interest in the free flow of information should prevail over the needs of law enforcement.
Cases involving the disclosure of classified information would be more heavily tilted toward the government. Judges could not quash a subpoena through a balancing test if prosecutors presented facts showing that the information sought might help prevent a terrorist attack or other acts likely to harm national security.
For the rest of the article: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/16/us/politics/under-fire-white-house-pushes-to-revive-media-shield-bill.html
New Yorker Reveals Aaron Swartz-Inspired
System to Protect Sources
Four decades after Deep Throat met Bob Woodward in a Washington parking garage, news organisations are scrambling to find ways to protect their confidential sources in the digital age as they push back against government attempts to identify whistleblowers.
On Wednesday, the New Yorker unveiled a nine-step process for sources to send documents and messages to the Condé Nast-owned magazine, saying the system could offer them “a reasonable degree of anonymity”. Called Strongbox, it involves the use of multiple computers, thumb drives, encryption codes and secure networks.
For the rest of the article: http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/390e684a-bd7d-11e2-890a-00144feab7de.html
NewsRight’s Advocacy Role Falls to NAA
NewsRight, the company launched last year by the Associated Press and several other news organizations to track down “over-aggregators” and generate new revenue streams, quietly disappeared earlier this month, sold to Moreover and BurrellesLuce, who will continue its content tracking services. The other part of NewsRight’s mission — advocating for digital copyright protection — will now fall to the Newspaper Association of America.
For the rest of the article: http://www.netnewscheck.com/article/26220/newsrights-advocacy-role-falls-to-naa
Let’s Stop Being Our Own Worst Bully
It’s time to drown out all the negative talk about the news industry and trumpet the good news about how readers are engaging with us on multiple platforms.
Unrelenting negativity and half-truths. This is what bullies use to belittle. This is what we as an industry do to ourselves. And if we want this to change, we need to change our tune.
The economy is tough. Lots of industries are facing challenges. Our industry is saddled with … well, let’s not go there, as the problems are often discussed.
But there is so much to be proud of. So much that we can and should shout from the rooftops.
Newspapers are everywhere that consumers want them. We embraced devices that allow people to visit our sites: computers, tablets, e-readers, and mobile phones. And we did this fast and before other media.
We are empowering ourselves with social media. We have news on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and more.
We are experimenting and getting out of our comfort zone. Some offer electronic books. Others undertake local events. We are strategically partnering with our newspaper competitor brethren – with initiatives such as sharing delivery and creating co-owned Web sites (e.g. for recruitment).
All this — and advertisements still work in newspapers. Our strength is the trust that consumers have in our editorial product. As such, they trust the ads in newspapers more than any other medium.
And they want the ads. …
Our digital ads also benefit from the halo of trust that other media do not. And add to this the fact our newspaper sites also garner multiple visits in a day. Few sites have repeat business over a single day.
Our research tells us newspaper Web site readers visit 3.3 times a day. Those who read newspapers on a tablet visit 3.7 times a day. Those who use a mobile phone to get newspaper content, via newsletter or the site, are reached 4.3 times in day.
We need to engage our newspaper staff. Remind them that we are doing, trying, and achieving! Let our people tell our story.
As an industry, we must stop acting like victims and start talking like proud innovators … and winners.
For the rest of the article: http://www.inma.org/blogs/integrated-advertising-sales/post.cfm/let-s-stop-being-our-own-worst-bully
The Evening Sun Will Shift to Three-Day
Printing in 2014
Digital First Media today announced The Evening Sun in Hanover, Pa., will shift to a three-day print schedule in 2014 and will continue to provide 7-day coverage of the region on its website – www.EveningSun.com – as well as on its mobile and tablet applications. …
While the shift in printing schedule will take effect January 1, 2014, the days of the week that the Evening Sun will print have not been finalized.
For the rest of the article: http://www.editorandpublisher.com/Business/Article/The-Evening-Sun-Will-Shift-to-Three-Day-Printing-in-2014
Crowdsourcing Is Here to Stay — Now It’s
About Building Tools for Networked Journalism
NYU journalism professor Jay Rosen says that many of the cultural barriers to doing “networked journalism” have been lowered, and he is trying to help media outlets develop smart tools and ways of making use of crowdsourcing.
AOL’s Patch Gets New CEO, as Just Under
Three Percent of Staff Is Laid Off in Consolidation
Changes at AOL’s local content site, Patch: CEO Jon Brod will step down and is being replaced by COO and President Steve Kalin, according to an internal memo the New York Internet company sent to the division’s employees today.
As part of the move, Brod will be going back to run AOL Ventures, in a job where he began at the company.
In addition, sources said a little less than three percent of the 1,400-employee Patch staff will be laid off. The memo notes that downsizing, without giving the numbers, which includes consolidation of several parts of Patch by streamlining its regional structure from 20 to nine teams.
According to the memo, the layoffs are to “make Patch profitable in 2013 and a commitment to continue to improve our business model.”
The State of the Art in Designing Content
In the three years since Apple debuted the iPad, tablets have become the fastest growing digital technology ever introduced. As of January 2013, nearly a third of adults owned some brand of tablet, a 24 percent leap from just three months prior and 63 percent higher than a year earlier, according to the Pew Research Center.
A growing body of data also suggests tablets are adding to how much news people consume — particularly from familiar trusted sources. People read more in depth and for longer spans on tablets, turn to familiar brands more frequently and read their devices in a “lean back” style more akin to a magazine experience than a quick news alert glance on a conventional computer. These behavioral findings have created hope among some publishers that the tablet represents a significant digital reset — a chance for media producers to deepen engagement, charge for content and for advertising to work more effectively, among other goals.
Given the signals, what has been learned about how people use tablets and what kinds of presentations work well? What, in short, is the state of the art about how to design for the tablet? …
Make it a print-digital hybrid experience, not a replica of either …
David Ho led a team that created The Journal’s first iPad app, one of the earliest newspaper tablet creations. The app was a general news product that included a selection of the day’s stories and photos in a simple display format. Without anyone to copy or extensive usage research on which to rely, Ho’s team followed did usability testing and followed its imagination.
Given that a tablet is a digital device that you touch and hold like a newspaper, it quickly became clear that a tablet product should share some print sensibilities with a digital influence.
“Our goal was to blend the best lessons of print with the power and immediacy of the Web to create something new and special,” Ho explained.
Based on interviews and focus groups with readers, his team found that some of the factors that make print appealing include:
● The sensation of turning pages
How did Ho’s design team bring print aspects to the tablet? To replicate the sensation of turning the page they employed horizontal swiping. To replicate the finite nature of print, they made the app a complete product with an obvious endpoint.
The Web, in turn, brought the immediacy and ability to update in real-time as well as an interactive and participatory news experience. So The Journal iPad app also included regular news updates and the ability to share articles and photos via e-mail and social media.
The result was neither a direct copy of The Journal’s website nor the print newspaper.
For the rest of the article: http://www.naa.org/Topics-and-Tools/SenseMakerReports/designing-content-for-tablets.aspx
According to an industry analysis by Adobe Digital Index, mobile devices have changed the way consumers interact with businesses, making an understanding of the trends, strengths, and weaknesses of both tablets and smartphones important in serving mobile customers. Another perspective in the ongoing and growing interest in mobile marketing and advertising. In just three years, says the report, tablets have overtaken smartphones in the amount of traffic they drive. …
Consumers’ preferences for tablets versus smartphones vary depending on the type of site they’re visiting, says the report. …
● Retail websites get the most tablet traffic followed by auto and travel & hospitality sites
● Conversely, consumers prefer their smartphone when visiting both telecom and media & entertainment sites
● As tablets get smaller and smartphones get bigger, marketers need to rely less on screen size and more on cues like connection type (Wi-Fi vs. cellular) and referral source to determine the best web experience to offer …
Publishers of digital print content are enjoying steady growth in readership due in part to release of new devices and further adoption of digital magazines. From August 2012 to February 2013, there was a 200% average growth in readers of digital publishing apps.
For the rest of the article: http://www.mediapost.com/publications/article/200156/smartphones-and-tablets-though-mobile-require-se.html
Responsive Design No Substitute for Apps
A mobile website is still critical for local media companies when it comes to discovery, but apps receive the biggest share of mobile traffic and help boost user loyalty. “Local media need both a mobile Web and app strategy. ... Responsive design should be a part of that discussion, but kept in context of what a company is trying to achieve with a mobile website: brand discovery and converting one-time visitors into loyal users. There is no substitute for apps when a company needs your audience to be loyal, highly engaged and returning again and again and again,” says StepLeader’s Matthew Davis.
For the rest of the article: http://www.netnewscheck.com/article/26194/responsive-design-no-substitute-for-apps
Yahoo to Buy Tumblr for $1.1 Billion
The board of Yahoo, the faded Web pioneer, agreed on Sunday to buy the popular blogging service Tumblr for about $1.1 billion in cash, the companies announced Monday, a signal of how the company plans to reposition itself as the technology industry makes a headlong rush into social media.
The deal would be the largest acquisition of a social networking company in years, surpassing Facebook’s $1 billion purchase of Instagram last year.
For Yahoo and its chief executive, Marissa Mayer, buying Tumblr would be a bold move as she tries to breathe new life into the company. The deal, the seventh since Ms. Mayer defected from Google last summer to take over the company, would be her biggest yet. It is meant to give her company more appeal to young people, and to make up for years of missing out on the revolutions in social networking and mobile devices. Tumblr has over 108 million blogs, with many highly active users.
Yet even with all those users, a basic question about Tumblr and other social media sites remains open: Can they make money?
Founded six years ago, Tumblr has attracted a loyal following and raised millions from big-name investors. Still, it has not proved that it can be profitable, nor that it can succeed on mobile devices, which are becoming the gateway to the Internet. Even Facebook faces continued pressure from investors to show it can increase its profits and adapt to the mobile world. …
If the deal is approved, Ms. Mayer will face the challenge of successfully managing the takeover, given Yahoo’s notorious reputation for paying big money for start-ups and then letting the prizes wither. Previous acquisitions by Yahoo, like the purchase of Flickr for $35 million and a $3.6 billion deal for GeoCities, an early pioneer in social networking, have been either shut down or neglected within the company.
For the rest of the article: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/20/technology/yahoo-to-buy-tumblr-for-1-1-billion.html
For a related article:
Baby-Boomer Marketers Are Misreading
Millennials’ Media Behavior
Baby-boomer marketers should be salivating over the 105 million-strong millennial market. Born between 1982 and 2004, millennials make up the first generation that actually outsizes the influential-but-aging boomers. So why are so many senior marketers missing the opportunity – and their piece of $200 billion in spending power?
Why are they convinced the methods and media that have worked over the past 30 years of their careers will continue to produce results with tech-savvy millennials, even though they have vastly different media habits?
Among other things, baby-boomer marketers need to accept the fact that millennials have not inherited their parents’ love for the “touch” of paper. They do not naturally go gaga over double-page spreads of either editorial or advertising in magazines. They do not feel compelled to seek their fashion and beauty direction from the magazines that served as bibles for older generations.
Nor do millennials feel the need to park themselves in front of a TV at the time appointed for their favorite show, or even to watch TV on a TV at all.
Millennials spend a huge amount of their lives online: on smartphones (59%), on tablets (35%) and on their laptops (70%). As of 2011, 91% of millennials are regular internet users, according to Forrester Research. …
Digital publishers are doing their darndest to lure baby-boomer marketers out of their traditional-media comfort zones, but it’s far harder than it should be.
Clearly, millennial consumers are way ahead of the marketers, who should be laser-focused on winning them over to their brands and gaining their loyalty.
And that creates an opportunity. The CMOs who decide to all-out embrace digital advertising in order to “own” millennials will end up being huge winners.
For the rest of the article: http://adage.com/article/guest-columnists/marketers-losing-money-misreading-millennials/
PressIt, a Simplified Way for Bloggers and
Small Businesses to Monetize Original Content
CafePress Inc., today announced the launch of PressIt, an e-commerce plug-in that creates opportunities for bloggers and other small online businesses to seamlessly monetize their original content.
PressIt is a free, downloadable button that can be added to any Web page. It synchronizes a site’s proprietary content with the CafePress product ecosystem, enabling bloggers and other small online businesses to generate revenue from content by allowing visitors to create fully customizable print-on-demand products through CafePress.
The Student Press Law Center, a free-speech champion for the scholastic and campus press, is searching for a student journalist to sue a state university for allegedly violating the First Amendment.
The target of the lawsuit would be a state college or university that pays a journalism adviser or professor to oversee a school publication. The SPLC claims that kind of financing presents serious ethical problems.
“You shouldn’t have an organization that covers an entity that signs its checks,” Adam Goldstein, attorney advocate for the SPLC, said in a telephone interview. “It’s a situation that no real newspaper would ever cotenant.” In other words, it would be like having the White House pay for the reporting of The Washington Post.
Frank LoMonte, executive director of the SPLC, said he believes that newly aggressive academic overseers have been empowered by a series of federal District Court decisions that has already given 20 states censorship powers over publicly funded campus newspapers.
Those federal court rulings are rewriting a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court Decision (Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier) that allowed public high schools to censor student work they felt would disrupt school activities.
However, in an important footnote to that decision, the Supreme Court specifically excluded public colleges and universities from the censorship stamp. But college administrators never stopped trying to win censorship rights over campus publications.
How J-schools Are Helping Students Develop
Entrepreneurial Journalism Skills
Universities around the world are teaching a relatively new subject – entrepreneurial journalism.
The revolutionary changes reshaping journalism have driven the industry to search for new financial models and respond to marketplace demands. Journalism schools are part of that search: Their entrepreneurial-journalism programs try to identify new sustainable business models, create new journalism tools, teach students new skills, and incubate new-media initiatives.
From such efforts, a handful of teaching models are emerging: traditional classroom teaching and degree programs, innovation laboratories, and partnerships with news publishers and nongovernmental organizations. Here’s a look at what’s happening in these areas.
The role of NGOs …
In the fall of 2012, American University began offering a master’s in media entrepreneurship aimed at mid-career professionals from the Washington, D.C., area. The first class’s nine students came from public radio, daily newspapers, NGOs, and independent media startups.
Each participant came up with an idea for a media project that would be developed over the 20-month program. Participants then refined their ideas through courses in innovation, marketing, financial analysis, technology, leadership, and communication law at both the communication and business schools. …
Working with other disciplines
At the New Media Innovation Lab at Arizona State University’s Walter Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication, media companies pay for student research that helps them create multimedia products. The school’s Knight Center for Digital Media Entrepreneurship also encourages students to develop new media products.
About 50 students participate in the two programs each year, drawn from disciplines such as engineering, business, computer science and journalism. …
Incubating new media
City University of New York’s Tow-Knight Center for Entrepreneurial Journalism is one of the most-watched programs. Launched in 2010 with grants of $3 million each from the Tow Foundation and Knight Foundation, it offers a one-semester certificate program in Entrepreneurial Journalism for graduate students. The certificate program includes courses on business models, fundamentals of business, technology and hands-on development of the student’s own proposed capstone project. …
Strength working in teams
At Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, “we’re teaching the art of media product development,” says Rich Gordon, the school’s director of digital innovation. “It means solving an equation that involves audience, content, and revenue. That’s what entrepreneurial journalism is.”
While some entrepreneurial journalism programs have each student develop a product, Medill’s students work in teams. “At the core, entrepreneurs are born, not made,” Gordon argues. While not every student has the skills or abilities to be an entrepreneur, he says working in teams lets each student contribute something. …
The enterprise as laboratory
At the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, the Punch Sulzberger Program focuses on changing the enterprise rather than on developing skills. …